Repository
Munin (2.0)
Last change
2020-03-15
Graph Categories
Family
legacy
Capabilities
Keywords
Language
Perl
License
GPL-2.0-only
Authors

iostat

Example graph: month

Name

iostat - Munin plugin to monitor io-bound traffic (in blocks) on disks

Applicable Systems

Linux systems.

Configuration

The plugin detects block devices from /proc/diskstat or /proc/stat. By default it will only show un-numbered devices such as sda and not sda0. By setting

[iostat]
env.SHOW_NUMBERED 1

it will show numbered devices. This is sometimes needed in virtualized environments (e.g. Xen) where sda1 to sda<n> exists but not sda. In a virtualized environment this is usefull to show which guest OS/dom-U IO-traffic originates in.

Usage

Link this plugin to @@CONFDIR@@/plugins/ and restart the munin-node.

Interpretation

To be written…

Magic Markers

#%# family=legacy
#%# capabilities=autoconf

Author

This plugin has been in Munin since it was called “LRRD”. The log for this file shows that there was a rewrite by Mike Fedyk applied in January 2004. We have no other records of who wrote it.

License

GPLv2

#!@@PERL@@ -w
# -*- cperl -*-
=head1 NAME

iostat - Munin plugin to monitor io-bound traffic (in blocks) on disks

=head1 APPLICABLE SYSTEMS

Linux systems.

=head1 CONFIGURATION

The plugin detects block devices from /proc/diskstat or /proc/stat.
By default it will only show un-numbered devices such as sda and not
sda0.  By setting

   [iostat]
   env.SHOW_NUMBERED 1

it will show numbered devices.  This is sometimes needed in
virtualized environments (e.g. Xen) where sda1 to sda<n> exists but
not sda.  In a virtualized environment this is usefull to show which
guest OS/dom-U IO-traffic originates in.

=head1 USAGE

Link this plugin to @@CONFDIR@@/plugins/ and restart the munin-node.

=head1 INTERPRETATION

To be written...

=head1 MAGIC MARKERS

 #%# family=legacy
 #%# capabilities=autoconf

=head1 AUTHOR

This plugin has been in Munin since it was called "LRRD".  The log for
this file shows that there was a rewrite by Mike Fedyk applied in
January 2004.  We have no other records of who wrote it.

=head1 LICENSE

GPLv2

=cut

use strict;

use Munin::Plugin;

my $detailed_present = 0;
my $stat_present = 0;
my $include_numbered = 0;    # By default we want sda but not sda1

if (defined $ENV{'SHOW_NUMBERED'}) {
    $include_numbered = $ENV{'SHOW_NUMBERED'};
};

if (system("grep -q '' /proc/diskstats > /dev/null 2>&1") == 0 ||
    system("grep -q 'rio rmerge rsect ruse wio wmerge wsect wuse running use aveq' /proc/partitions > /dev/null 2>&1") == 0) {
    $detailed_present = 1;
} elsif (system("grep -q '^disk_io: [^ ]' /proc/stat") == 0) {
    $stat_present = 1;
}

if ( $ARGV[0] and $ARGV[0] eq "autoconf") {
    if ($detailed_present eq 1 || $stat_present eq 1) {
	print "yes\n";
	exit 0;
    }
    print "no\n";
    exit 0;
}

my %devs;

if ($detailed_present eq 1) {
    &fetch_detailed;
} elsif ($stat_present eq 1) {
    # Falling back to /proc/stat
    &fetch_stat;
}

if ( $ARGV[0] and $ARGV[0] eq "config") {
    print "graph_title IOstat\n";
    print "graph_args --base 1024 -l 0\n";
    print "graph_vlabel blocks per \${graph_period} read (-) / written (+)\n";
    print "graph_category disk\n";
    print "graph_total Total\n" if (keys (%devs) > 1);
    print "graph_info This graph shows the I/O to and from block devices.\n";
    print "graph_order";
    foreach my $key (sort by_dev keys %devs) {
	print " ", $key, "_read ", $key, "_write ";
    }
    print "\n";
    foreach my $key (sort by_dev keys %devs) {
	print $key . "_read.label $devs{$key}->{name}\n";
	print $key . "_read.type DERIVE\n";
	print $key . "_read.min 0\n";
	print $key . "_read.graph no\n";
	print $key . "_write.label $devs{$key}->{name}\n";
	print $key . "_write.info I/O on device $devs{$key}->{name}\n";
	print $key . "_write.type DERIVE\n";
	print $key . "_write.min 0\n";
	print $key . "_write.negative " . $key . "_read\n";

	print_thresholds($key . "_read");
	print_thresholds($key . "_write");
    }
    exit 0;
}

foreach my $key (sort by_dev keys %devs) {
    print $key, "_read.value ", $devs{$key}->{rsect}, "\n";
    print $key, "_write.value ", $devs{$key}->{wsect}, "\n";
}

sub by_dev {
    return $a cmp $b;
}

sub fetch_stat() {
    open (IN, "/proc/stat") or
      die "Could not open /proc/stat for reading: $!\n";

    while (<IN>) {
	next unless (/^disk_io:\s*(.+)\s*/);
	foreach my $dev (split /\s+/) {
	    next unless $dev =~ /\S/;
	    next unless ($dev =~ /\((\d+),(\d+)\):\(\d+,(\d+),(\d+),(\d+),(\d+)\)/);
	    my $name = "dev".$1."_".$2;
	    $devs{$name} =
	      {
	       name => $name,
	       rio => $3,
	       rsect => $4,
	       wio => $5,
	       wsect => $6
	      };
	}
    }
    close (IN);
}

my %maj_count;

sub get_disk_count() {
    my @disk_count;
    my $major = $_[0];
    $maj_count{$major} = 0 unless exists($maj_count{$major});
    $disk_count[0] = $maj_count{$major}++;
    die "Could not find disk_count for major: $major"
      unless (exists($disk_count[0]));
    return $disk_count[0];
}

sub fetch_detailed() {
    if (open(DETAILED, "/proc/diskstats") or
	open(DETAILED, "/proc/partitions")) {

	while (<DETAILED>) {
	    if (/^\s+(\d+)\s+\d+\s*\d*\s+([[:alpha:][:digit:]\/]+)\s+(.*)/) {
		my @fields = split(/\s+/, $3);
		my $tmpnam = $2;
		my $major  = $1;
		if ($tmpnam =~ /\d+$/ and !$include_numbered) {
		    # Special case for devices like cXdXpX,
		    # like the cciss driver
		    next unless $tmpnam =~ /\/c\d+d\d+$/
		}
		next unless grep { $_ } @fields;

		$tmpnam =~ s/\/[[:alpha:]]+(\d+)/\/$1/g;
		$tmpnam =~ s/^([^\/]+)\//$1/;
		$tmpnam =~ s/\/disc$//;

		$devs{"dev".$major."_".&get_disk_count($major)} =
		  {
		   major => $major,
		   name => $tmpnam,
		   rio => $fields[0],
		   rmerge => $fields[1],
		   rsect => $fields[2],
		   ruse => $fields[3],
		   wio => $fields[4],
		   wmerge => $fields[5],
		   wsect => $fields[6],
		   wuse => $fields[7],
		   running => $fields[8],
		   use => $fields[9],
		   aveq => $fields[10]
		  };
	    }
	}
	close (DETAILED);
    }
}
# vim:syntax=perl