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Munin (contrib)
Last change
2018-08-02
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auto
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Perl
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cpu_linux_multi

Sadly there is no documentation for this plugin

#! /usr/bin/perl
########################################################################
# Copyright (c) 2012, Adrien Urban
# All rights reserved.
#
# Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
# modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
# met:
#
# 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
#    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
# 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
#    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
#    documentation and/or other materials provided with the
#    distribution.
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
# "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
# LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
# A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
# OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
# SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
# LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
# DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
# THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
# (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
# OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
#
########################################################################
#                                                                      #
#    WARNING    WARNING    WARNING    WARNING    WARNING    WARNING    #
#                                                                      #
#       This plugin does not work properly with multiple master        #
#                                                                      #
########################################################################
#
# multigraph, supersampling, extended cpu information
#
# require: mpstat (to actually collect the data)
#
#
# ENV (default):
#  MUNIN_PLUGSTATE  - pid and cache files gets there
#
# ENV (user defined):
#  MUNIN_UPDATERATE - rate at which to update (default: 1s)
#  MUNIN_CACHEFLUSH_RATE - flush data every N batch (default: 1)
#  MUNIN_MPSTAT - binary to use as mpstat
#
#  increase cache flush rate if you have i/o performance issues
#  warning: increasing flushrate too much might cause partial write, and
#  loss of data. 0 to disable flush
#
#
# Parent graph: cpu usage per core/thread
# child graph(1): detailed cpu usage overall
# child graph(n): detailed cpu usage per thread
#
# Known bugs:
#
#   Multi-Master
#     If there are many masters, the data is only sent once. Each master will
#     only have part of the data.
#
#   Everlasting
#     The daemon is launched on first config/fetch. A touch of the pidfile is
#     done on every following config/fetch. The daemon should check if the
#     pidfile is recent (configurable) enough, and stop itself if not.
#
#   Graph Order
#     There is currently (2.0.6) noway to order childgraphs.
#
#   RRD file
#     The master currently (2.0.6) generate rrd file for aggregate values, and
#     complains that no data is provided for them (but the graph still works
#     fine)
#

#%# family=auto
#%# capabilities=autoconf

use strict;
use warnings;

my $plugin = $0;
$plugin =~ s/.*\///;

# quick failsafe
if (!defined $ENV{MUNIN_PLUGSTATE}) {
	die "This plugin should be run via munin. Try munin-run $plugin\n";
}

########################################################################
# If you want to change something, it's probably doable here
#

# order to display
my $fields_order = [
	'sys', 'usr', 'nice', 'idle', 'iowait', 'irq', 'soft', 'steal', 'guest',
];
# order is the order given by mpstat
my $fields_info = [
	{
		name => 'usr',
		label => 'usr',
		info => "%s time spent in normal programs and daemons",
	}, {
		name => 'nice',
		label => 'nice',
		info => "%s time spent in nice(1)d programs and daemons",
	}, {
		name => 'sys',
		label => 'sys',
		info => "%s time spent in kernel system activity",
	}, {
		name => 'iowait',
		label => 'iowait',
		info => "%s time spent waiting for blocking I/O operations",
	}, {
		name => 'irq',
		label => 'irq',
		info => "%s time spent handling interrupts",
	}, {
		name => 'soft',
		label => 'soft',
		info => "%s time spent handling software interrupts",
	}, {
		name => 'steal',
		label => 'steal',
		info => "%s time spent elsewhere (stolen from us)",
	}, {
		name => 'guest',
		label => 'guest',
		info => "%s time spent in a guest operating system",
	}, {
		name => 'idle',
		label => 'idle',
		info => "%s time spent idling (waiting to get something to do)",
	}
];

sub pidfile() { "$ENV{MUNIN_PLUGSTATE}/munin.$plugin.pid" }
sub cachefile() { "$ENV{MUNIN_PLUGSTATE}/munin.$plugin.cache" }

sub graph_name() { "cpu_extended_multi_1s" };
sub graph_title() { "CPU usage" };
sub graph_title_all() { "Overall CPU usage" };
sub graph_title_n($) { "CPU#" . (shift) . " usage" };
sub acquire_name() { "<$plugin> collecting information" }

########################################################################
# if you need to change something after that line, It should probably be
# changed to be configurable above it.
#

# mpstat sampling interval
my $update_rate = 1;
if (defined $ENV{MUNIN_UPDATERATE}) {
	if ($ENV{MUNIN_UPDATERATE} =~ /^[1-9][0-9]*$/) {
		$update_rate = int($ENV{MUNIN_UPDATERATE});
	} else {
		print STDERR "Invalid update_rate: $ENV{MUNIN_UPDATERATE}";
	}
}

my $flush_interval = 1;
if (defined $ENV{MUNIN_CACHEFLUSH_RATE}) {
	if ($ENV{MUNIN_CACHEFLUSH_RATE} =~ /^[0-9]+$/) {
		$update_rate = int($ENV{MUNIN_CACHEFLUSH_RATE});
	} else {
		print STDERR "Invalid flush rate: $ENV{MUNIN_CACHEFLUSH_RATE}";
	}
}

my $mpstat = "mpstat";
if (defined $ENV{MUNIN_MPSTAT}) {
	if (-f $ENV{MUNIN_MPSTAT}) {
		print STDERR "MUNIN_STAT: file not found: $ENV{MUNIN_MPSTAT}";
	} else {
		$mpstat = defined $ENV{MUNIN_MPSTAT};
	}
}

my $cpu_count_cache = undef;
sub cpu_count() {
	if (not defined $cpu_count_cache) {
               open MPSTAT, "$mpstat -P ALL |" or die "open mpstat|: $!\n";
               $cpu_count_cache = 0;
               while (<MPSTAT>) {
                       chomp;
                       my @field = split();
                       next unless ($field[1] && ($field[1] =~ /^([0-9]+)$/));
                       $cpu_count_cache ++;
               }
               close(MPSTAT);
	}
	return $cpu_count_cache;
}

sub is_running() {
	if (-f pidfile()) {
		my $pid = undef;
		if (open FILE, "<", pidfile()) {
			$pid = <FILE>;
			close FILE;
			chomp $pid;
		}
		if ($pid) {
			# does not exist ? kill it
			if (kill 0, $pid) {
				return 1;
			}
		}
 		unlink(pidfile());
	}
	return 0;
}


# FIXME: should also trap kill sigint and sigterm
# FIXME: check pidfile got touched recently
sub acquire() {
	$0 = acquire_name();
	$ARGV = [ '<daemon>' ];
	$0 = "<$plugin> collecting information";
	open PIDFILE, '>', pidfile() or die "open: @{[ pidfile() ]}: $!\n";
	print PIDFILE $$, "\n";
	close PIDFILE;
	open CACHE, ">>", cachefile() or die "open: @{[ cachefile() ]}: $!\n";
	open MPSTAT, "-|", "$mpstat -P ALL $update_rate" or
		die "open mpstat|: $!\n";
	my $flush_count = 0;
	while (<MPSTAT>) {
		chomp;
		my @field = split();
		if (!($field[1] =~ /^(all|[0-9]+)$/)) {
			next;
		}
		$field[0] = $field[1];
		$field[1] = time();
		print CACHE join(" ", @field), "\n";
		if ($flush_interval) {
			if ($flush_interval == ++$flush_count) {
				CACHE->flush();
				$flush_count = 0;
			}
		}
	}
	unlink(pidfile());
	unlink(cachefile());
}

sub run_daemon() {
	if (is_running()) {
		my $atime;
		my $mtime;
		$atime = $mtime = time;
		utime $atime, $mtime, pidfile();
	} else {
		if (0 == fork()) {
			close(STDIN);
			close(STDOUT);
			close(STDERR);
			open STDIN, "<", "/dev/null";
			open STDOUT, ">", "/dev/null";
			open STDERR, ">", "/dev/null";
			acquire();
			exit(0);
		}
	}
}


sub run_autoconf() {
	# in case we have specified args, check the file before that
	my $file = $mpstat;
	$file =~ s/ .*//;
	my $path = `which "$file"`;
	if ($path) {
		print "yes\n";
	} else {
		print "no\n";
	}
}

sub show_config($$$) {
	my $i = shift;
	my $name = shift;
	my $title = shift;
	my $graph_order = "graph_order";
	for my $field (@$fields_order) {
		$graph_order .= " $field";
	}
	print <<EOF;
multigraph @{[ graph_name() ]}.cpu$i
graph_title $title
graph_vlabel cpu use %
graph_scale no
update_rate 1
graph_data_size custom 1d, 10s for 1w, 1m for 1t, 5m for 1y
$graph_order
EOF
	for my $field (@$fields_info) {
		my $style = "STACK";
		if ($field->{name} eq $fields_order->[0]) {
			$style = "AREA";
		}
		print <<EOF;
$field->{name}.label $field->{label}
$field->{name}.draw $style
$field->{name}.info @{[ sprintf($field->{info}, $name) ]}
$field->{name}.min 0
$field->{name}.cdef $field->{name}
EOF
	}
}

sub run_config() {
	run_daemon();
	my $cpus = cpu_count();
	my $graph_order = "graph_order";
	my $sub_order = "order cpuall";
	for (my $i = 0; $i < $cpus; ++$i) {
		$graph_order .= " use$i=@{[ graph_name() ]}.cpu$i.idle";
		$sub_order .= " cpu$i";
	}
# none of those seems to have any effect
#domain_$sub_order
#node_$sub_order
#graph_$sub_order
#service_$sub_order
#category_$sub_order
#group_$sub_order

	print <<EOF;
multigraph @{[ graph_name() ]}
graph_category cpu
graph_title @{[ graph_title() ]}
graph_vlabel cpu use %
graph_scale no
graph_total All CPUs
update_rate 1
graph_data_size custom 1d, 10s for 1w, 1m for 1t, 5m for 1y
$graph_order
EOF
	my $style="AREA";
	for (my $i = 0; $i < $cpus; ++$i) {
		print <<EOF;
use$i.label CPU#$i
use$i.draw $style
use$i.cdef 100,use$i,-,${cpus},/
EOF
		$style = 'STACK';
	}
	# detailed sub graphs - 1 for all, and 1 per cpu
	show_config("all", "all CPU", graph_title_all());
	for (my $i = 0; $i < $cpus; ++$i) {
		show_config($i, "CPU$i", graph_title_n($i));
	}
}

sub fetch_showline($) {
	my $line = shift;
	my $n = 2;
	for my $field (@$fields_info) {
		print <<EOF;
$field->{name}.value $line->[1]:$line->[$n]
EOF
		++$n;
	}
}
sub run_fetch() {
	run_daemon();
	if (open CACHE, "+<", cachefile()) {
		my $cpus = {};
		while (<CACHE>) {
			chomp;
			my $field = [];
			@$field = split(/ /);
			if (not defined $cpus->{$field->[0]}) {
				$cpus->{$field->[0]} = [];
			}
			push @{$cpus->{$field->[0]}}, $field;
		}
		# finished reading ? truncate it right away
		truncate CACHE, 0;
		close CACHE;
		foreach my $cpu (keys %$cpus) {
			print <<EOF;
multigraph @{[ graph_name() ]}.cpu$cpu
EOF
			foreach my $line (@{$cpus->{$cpu}}) {
				fetch_showline($line);
			}
		}
	}
}

my $cmd = 'fetch';
if (defined $ARGV[0]) {
	$cmd = $ARGV[0];
}
if ('fetch' eq $cmd) {
	run_fetch();
} elsif ('config' eq $cmd) {
	run_config();
} elsif ('autoconf' eq $cmd) {
	run_autoconf();
} elsif ('daemon' eq $cmd) {
	run_daemon();
} else {
	print STDERR <<EOF;
$0: unrecognized command

Usage:
	$0 autoconf - check if we have everything we need
	$0 config - show plugin configuration
	$0 fetch - fetch latest data
	$0 daemon - launch daemon
EOF
	exit(1);
}
exit(0);

# for Munin Plugin Gallery
# graph_category cpu