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Munin (contrib)
Last change
2018-08-02
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auto
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Perl
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interfaces_linux_multi

Sadly there is no documentation for this plugin

#! /usr/bin/perl
########################################################################
# Copyright (c) 2012, Adrien Urban
# All rights reserved.
#
# Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
# modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
# met:
#
# 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
#    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
# 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
#    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
#    documentation and/or other materials provided with the
#    distribution.
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
# "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
# LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
# A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
# OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
# SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
# LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
# DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
# THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
# (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
# OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
#
########################################################################
#                                                                      #
#    WARNING    WARNING    WARNING    WARNING    WARNING    WARNING    #
#                                                                      #
#       This plugin does not work properly with multiple master        #
#                                                                      #
########################################################################
#
# multigraph, supersampling, detailed interfaces statistics
#
# require: ifconfig
#   linux only for now. Would need to implement way to gather the same
#   data for other ifconfig usage and output.
# require: Time::HiRes
#
# ENV (default):
#  MUNIN_PLUGSTATE  - pid and cache files gets there
#
# ENV (user defined):
#  MUNIN_UPDATERATE - rate at which to update (default: 1s)
#  MUNIN_CACHEFLUSH_RATE - flush data every N batch (default: 1)
#  MUNIN_IFCONFIG - path for ifconfig (default /sbin/ifconfig)
#
#  MUNIN_IF_INCLUDE - list of interfaces to graph (all by default)
#  MUNIN_IF_EXCLUDE - exclude all of those interfaces (none by default)
#  MUNIN_GRAPH_BYTES - do graph bytes per seconds (default: yes)
#  MUNIN_GRAPH_PACKETS - do graph packets per seconds (default: yes)
#  MUNIN_GRAPH_ERRORS - do graph errors (default: yes)
#
# Parent graphs: none
# child graphs: per interface - bytes, packets, errors
#	interfaces/XXX/{bw,pkt,err}
#
# Known bugs:
#
#   Multi-Master
#     If there are many masters, the data is only sent once. Each master will
#     only have part of the data.
#
#   Everlasting
#     The daemon is launched on first config/fetch. A touch of the pidfile is
#     done on every following config/fetch. The daemon should check if the
#     pidfile is recent (configurable) enough, and stop itself if not.
#
#   Graph Order
#     There is currently (2.0.6) noway to order childgraphs.
#
#   RRD file
#     The master currently (2.0.6) generate rrd file for aggregate values, and
#     complains that no data is provided for them (but the graph still works
#     fine)
#

#%# family=auto
#%# capabilities=autoconf

use strict;
use warnings;
use Time::HiRes;
use IO::Handle;

my $plugin = $0;
$plugin =~ s/.*\///;

# quick failsafe
if (!defined $ENV{MUNIN_PLUGSTATE}) {
	die "This plugin should be run via munin. Try munin-run $plugin\n";
}

########################################################################
# If you want to change something, it's probably doable here
#

sub pidfile() { "$ENV{MUNIN_PLUGSTATE}/munin.$plugin.pid" }
sub cachefile() { "$ENV{MUNIN_PLUGSTATE}/munin.$plugin.cache" }

sub graph_name() { "interfaces" }
#sub graph_title() { "interfaces" }
#sub graph_title_all() { "Overall CPU usage" }
#sub graph_title_n($) { "CPU#" . shift . " usage" }
sub acquire_name() { "<$plugin> collecting information" }

# Default update rate. Can be changed by configuration.
my $update_rate = 1;
# default flush interval. Can be changed by configuration.
my $flush_interval = 1;
# default ifconfig command. Can be changed by configuration
my $ifconfig = '/sbin/ifconfig';

########################################################################
# if you need to change something after that line, It should probably be
# changed to be configurable above it.
#

if (defined $ENV{MUNIN_UPDATERATE}) {
	if ($ENV{MUNIN_UPDATERATE} =~ /^[1-9][0-9]*$/) {
		$update_rate = int($ENV{MUNIN_UPDATERATE});
	} else {
		print STDERR "Invalid update_rate: $ENV{MUNIN_UPDATERATE}";
	}
}

if (defined $ENV{MUNIN_CACHEFLUSH_RATE}) {
	if ($ENV{MUNIN_CACHEFLUSH_RATE} =~ /^[0-9]+$/) {
		$flush_interval = int($ENV{MUNIN_CACHEFLUSH_RATE});
	} else {
		print STDERR "Invalid flush rate: $ENV{MUNIN_CACHEFLUSH_RATE}";
	}
}

if (defined $ENV{MUNIN_IFCONFIG}) {
	if (-f $ENV{MUNIN_IFCONFIG}) {
		print STDERR "MUNIN_IFCONFIG: file not found: $ENV{MUNIN_IFCONFIG}";
	} else {
		$ifconfig = defined $ENV{MUNIN_IFCONFIG};
	}
}

my $include_list = undef;
if (defined $ENV{MUNIN_IF_INCLUDE}) {
	$include_list = [ split(/[[:space:]]+/, $ENV{MUNIN_IF_INCLUDE}) ];
	if (0 == scalar (@$include_list)) {
		$include_list = undef;
	} elsif ('' eq $include_list->[0]) {
		shift @$include_list;
	}
}
my $exclude_list = undef;
if (defined $ENV{MUNIN_IF_EXCLUDE}) {
	$exclude_list = [ split(/[[:space:]]+/, $ENV{MUNIN_IF_EXCLUDE}) ];
	if (0 == scalar (@$exclude_list)) {
		$exclude_list = undef;
	} elsif ('' eq $exclude_list->[0]) {
		shift @$exclude_list;
	}
}

sub configbool($) {
	my $str = shift;
	if ($str =~ /^(y(es)?|1|t(rue)?)$/i) {
		return 1;
	}
	if ($str =~ /^(no?|0|f(alse)?)$/i) {
		return 0;
	}
	print STDERR "$str: unrecognized bool\n";
	return 1;
}

my $should_graph = {
	'bytes' => 1,
	'packets' => 1,
	'errors' => 1,
};
if (defined $ENV{MUNIN_GRAPH_BYTES}) {
	$should_graph->{'bytes'} = configbool($ENV{MUNIN_GRAPH_BYTES});
}
if (defined $ENV{MUNIN_GRAPH_PACKETS}) {
	$should_graph->{'packets'} = configbool($ENV{MUNIN_GRAPH_PACKETS});
}
if (defined $ENV{MUNIN_GRAPH_ERRORS}) {
	$should_graph->{'errors'} = configbool($ENV{MUNIN_GRAPH_ERRORS});
}
unless ($should_graph->{bytes} or $should_graph->{packets}
		or $should_graph->{errors}) {
	die "Nothing to graph!";
}

########################################################################
# Base functions, specific to what we really try to do here.
#
sub included_interface($)
{
	my $if = shift;
	if (defined $exclude_list) {
		foreach my $ifl (@$exclude_list) {
			return 0 if ($if =~ /^($ifl)$/);
		}
	}
	if (defined $include_list) {
		foreach my $ifl (@$include_list) {
			return 1 if ($if =~ /^($ifl)$/);
		}
		return 0;
	}
	return 1;
}
sub if_to_name($)
{
	my $if = shift;
	$if =~ s/[^A-Za-z0-9]/_/g;
	return $if;
}

sub get_data()
{
	open IFCONFIG, "-|", $ifconfig or
		die "open: $ifconfig|: $!\n";
	my $data = {};
	my $current_if = undef;
	while (<IFCONFIG>) {
		if (/^([^[:space:]]+)/) {
			$current_if = $1;
			if (!included_interface($current_if)) {
				$current_if = undef;
				next
			}
			$data->{$current_if} = {};
			next; # nothing else on that line
		}
		next if (!defined $current_if);
		if (/RX packets:([0-9]+) errors:([0-9]+) dropped:([0-9]+) overruns:([0-9]+) frame:([0-9]+)/) {
			$data->{$current_if}{'rx_pkt'} = $1;
			$data->{$current_if}{'rx_err'} = $2;
			$data->{$current_if}{'rx_drp'} = $3;
			$data->{$current_if}{'rx_ovr'} = $4;
			$data->{$current_if}{'rx_frm'} = $5;
			next;
		}
		if (/TX packets:([0-9]+) errors:([0-9]+) dropped:([0-9]+) overruns:([0-9]+) carrier:([0-9]+)/) {
			$data->{$current_if}{'tx_pkt'} = $1;
			$data->{$current_if}{'tx_err'} = $2;
			$data->{$current_if}{'tx_drp'} = $3;
			$data->{$current_if}{'tx_ovr'} = $4;
			$data->{$current_if}{'tx_car'} = $5;
			next;
		}
		if (/RX bytes:([0-9]+) \([^)]*\)  TX bytes:([0-9]+) /) {
			$data->{$current_if}{'rx_byt'} = $1;
			$data->{$current_if}{'tx_byt'} = $2;
		}
	}
	close IFCONFIG;
	return $data;
}

# values names, from a data line
sub get_data_names($)
{
	my $line = shift;
	my $name = $line->[0];
	my $count = scalar(@$line) - 2; # 2: name, and timestamp
	if ($name =~ /\.(bps|pkt)$/ and 2 == $count) {
		return [ 'rx', 'tx' ];
	}
	if ($name =~ /\.err$/ and 8 == $count) {
		return [ 'rxerr', 'txerr', 'rxdrp', 'txdrp',
			 'rxovr', 'txovr', 'rxfrm', 'txcar', ];
	}
	# no idea what it is ? corrupted data
	return undef;
}

sub collect_info_once($$)
{
	my $fh = shift;
	my $now = shift;
	my $data = get_data();
	foreach my $if (keys %$data) {
		my $name = if_to_name($if);
		my $d = $data->{$if};
		if ($should_graph->{'bytes'}) {
			print $fh <<EOF;
$name.bps $now $d->{'rx_byt'} $d->{'tx_byt'}
EOF
#$name.byt $now rx $d->{'rx_byt'}
#$name.byt $now tx $d->{'tx_byt'}
		}
		if ($should_graph->{'packets'}) {
			print $fh <<EOF;
$name.pkt $now $d->{'rx_pkt'} $d->{'tx_pkt'}
EOF
#$name.pkt $now rx $d->{'rx_pkt'}
#$name.pkt $now tx $d->{'tx_pkt'}
		}
		if ($should_graph->{'errors'}) {
			print $fh <<EOF;
$name.err $now $d->{'rx_err'} $d->{'tx_err'} $d->{'rx_drp'} $d->{'tx_drp'} $d->{'rx_ovr'} $d->{'tx_ovr'} $d->{'rx_frm'} $d->{'tx_car'}
EOF
#$name.err $now rxerr $d->{'rx_err'}
#$name.err $now txerr $d->{'tx_err'}
#$name.err $now rxdrp $d->{'rx_drp'}
#$name.err $now txdrp $d->{'tx_drp'}
#$name.err $now rxovr $d->{'rx_ovr'}
#$name.err $now txovr $d->{'tx_ovr'}
#$name.err $now rxfrm $d->{'rx_frm'}
#$name.err $now txcar $d->{'tx_car'}
		}
	}
}
sub show_config()
{
	my $data = get_data();
	my $graph_order = "graph_order";
	foreach my $if (sort keys %$data) {
		my $name = if_to_name($if);
		$graph_order .= " ${name}_bps=${name}.bps.tx";
	}
	print <<EOF;
multigraph @{[ graph_name() ]}
graph_category network
graph_title overall bits per seconds
graph_vlabel bits per seconds
update_rate 1
graph_data_size custom 1d, 10s for 1w, 1m for 1t, 5m for 1y
graph_args --base 1000
$graph_order
EOF
	my $style = 'AREA';
	foreach my $if (keys %$data) {
		my $name = if_to_name($if);
		print <<EOF;
${name}_bps.label $if bps out
${name}_bps.draw $style
${name}_bps.cdef ${name}_bps,8,*
EOF
		$style = 'STACK';
	}
	foreach my $if (keys %$data) {
		my $name = if_to_name($if);
		print <<EOF;
multigraph @{[ graph_name() ]}.@{[ if_to_name($if) ]}
graph_title $if traffic
graph_vlabel kbits/s and pkt/s
graph_order bpsrx=bps.rx bpstx=bps.tx pktrx=pkt.rx pkttx=pkt.tx
bpsrx.label $if kbps in
bpsrx.draw AREA
bpsrx.cdef bpsrx,-125,/
bpstx.label $if kbps out
bpstx.draw AREA
bpstx.cdef bpstx,125,*
pktrx.label $if pkt/s in
pktrx.draw LINE1
pktrx.cdef pktrx,-1,*
pkttx.label $if pkt/s out
pkttx.draw LINE1
EOF
#foo.negative bar
		if ($should_graph->{'bytes'}) {
			print <<EOF;
multigraph @{[ graph_name() ]}.@{[ if_to_name($if) ]}.bps
graph_title $if - bits per seconds
graph_vlabel bits per seconds
graph_args --base 1000
graph_scale no
update_rate 1
graph_data_size custom 1d, 10s for 1w, 1m for 1t, 5m for 1y
rx.label bps received
rx.type DERIVE
rx.min 0
rx.cdef rx,8,*
tx.label bps sent
tx.type DERIVE
tx.min 0
tx.cdef tx,8,*
EOF
		}
		if ($should_graph->{'packets'}) {
			print <<EOF;
multigraph @{[ graph_name() ]}.@{[ if_to_name($if) ]}.pkt
graph_title $if - packets per seconds
graph_vlabel packets per seconds
graph_args --base 1000
graph_scale no
update_rate 1
graph_data_size custom 1d, 10s for 1w, 1m for 1t, 5m for 1y
rx.label packets per second received
rx.type DERIVE
rx.min 0
tx.label packets per second sent
tx.type DERIVE
tx.min 0
EOF
		}
		if ($should_graph->{'errors'}) {
			print <<EOF;
multigraph @{[ graph_name() ]}.@{[ if_to_name($if) ]}.err
graph_title $if - errors
graph_vlabel errors
graph_scale no
update_rate 1
graph_data_size custom 1d, 10s for 1w, 1m for 1t, 5m for 1y
graph_order rxerr txerr rxdrp txdrp rxovr txovr rxfrm txcar
rxerr.label errors per second (in)
rxerr.type DERIVE
rxerr.min 0
txerr.label errors per second (out)
txerr.type DERIVE
txerr.min 0
rxdrp.label drop per second (in)
rxdrp.type DERIVE
rxdrp.min 0
txdrp.label drop per second (out)
txdrp.type DERIVE
txdrp.min 0
rxovr.label overruns per second (in)
rxovr.type DERIVE
rxovr.min 0
txovr.label overruns per second (out)
txovr.type DERIVE
txovr.min 0
rxfrm.label frame per second (in)
rxfrm.type DERIVE
rxfrm.min 0
txcar.label carrier per second (out)
txcar.type DERIVE
txcar.min 0
EOF
		}
	}
}
sub check_req()
{
	my $data = get_data();
	if (0 != scalar(keys %$data)) {
		return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}


########################################################################
# beyond that line, it should be generic stuffs, not dependent on what
# you are trying to graph
#

sub check_running() {
	if (-f pidfile()) {
		my $pid = undef;
		if (open FILE, "<", pidfile()) {
			$pid = <FILE>;
			close FILE;
			chomp $pid;
		}
		if ($pid) {
			# does not exist ? kill it
			if (kill 0, $pid) {
				return 1;
			}
		}
 		unlink(pidfile());
	}
	return 0;
}


# FIXME: should also trap kill sigint and sigterm
# FIXME: check pidfile got touched recently
sub collect_loop() {
	$0 = acquire_name();
	$0 = "<$plugin> collecting information";
	# write our pid
	open PIDFILE, '>', pidfile() or die "open: @{[ pidfile() ]}: $!\n";
	print PIDFILE $$, "\n";
	close PIDFILE;
	# open cache
	my $fh_cache;
	open $fh_cache, ">>", cachefile() or
			die "open: @{[ cachefile() ]}: $!\n";
	my @tick = Time::HiRes::gettimeofday();
	my $flush_count = 0;
	while (1) {
		collect_info_once($fh_cache, $tick[0]);
		if ($flush_interval) {
			if ($flush_interval == ++$flush_count) {
				$fh_cache->flush();
				$flush_count = 0;
			}
		}
		my @now = Time::HiRes::gettimeofday();
		# when should the next tick be ?
		$tick[0] += $update_rate;
		# how long until next tick ?
		my $diff = ($tick[0] - $now[0]) * 1000000
				+ $tick[1] - $now[1];
		if ($diff <= 0) {
			# next tick already passed ? damn!
			@tick = @now;
		} else {
			# sleep what remains
			Time::HiRes::usleep($diff);
		}
	}
	unlink(pidfile());
	unlink(cachefile());
}

# launch daemon if not running
# notify the daemon we still need it (touch its pid)
sub daemon_alive() {
	if (check_running()) {
		my $atime;
		my $mtime;
		$atime = $mtime = time;
		utime $atime, $mtime, pidfile();
	} else {
		if (0 == fork()) {
			close(STDIN);
			close(STDOUT);
			close(STDERR);
			open STDIN, "<", "/dev/null";
			open STDOUT, ">", "/dev/null";
			open STDERR, ">", "/dev/null";
			collect_loop();
			exit(0);
		}
	}
}


sub run_autoconf() {
	if (check_req()) {
		print "yes\n";
	} else {
		print "no\n";
	}
}

sub run_config() {
	daemon_alive();
	show_config();
}

sub fetch_showline($) {
	my $line = shift;
	my $names = get_data_names($line);
	# don't display anything if we don't like what it is
	return unless (defined $names);
	my $graph = shift @$line;
	my $time = shift @$line;
	foreach my $value (@$line) {
		my $name = shift @$names;
		print <<EOF;
$name.value $time:$value
EOF
	}
}
sub run_fetch() {
	daemon_alive();
	if (open CACHE, "+<", cachefile()) {
		my $data = {};
		while (<CACHE>) {
			chomp;
			my $field = [];
			@$field = split(/ /);
			if (not defined $data->{$field->[0]}) {
				$data->{$field->[0]} = [];
			}
			push @{$data->{$field->[0]}}, $field;
		}
		# finished reading ? truncate it right away
		truncate CACHE, 0;
		close CACHE;
		foreach my $graph (keys %$data) {
			print <<EOF;
multigraph @{[ graph_name() ]}.$graph
EOF
			foreach my $line (@{$data->{$graph}}) {
				fetch_showline($line);
			}
		}
	}
}

my $cmd = 'fetch';
if (defined $ARGV[0]) {
	$cmd = $ARGV[0];
}
if ('fetch' eq $cmd) {
	run_fetch();
} elsif ('config' eq $cmd) {
	run_config();
} elsif ('autoconf' eq $cmd) {
	run_autoconf();
} elsif ('daemon' eq $cmd) {
	run_daemon();
} else {
	print STDERR <<EOF;
$0: unrecognized command

Usage:
	$0 autoconf - check if we have everything we need
	$0 config - show plugin configuration
	$0 fetch - fetch latest data
	$0 daemon - launch daemon
EOF
	exit(1);
}
exit(0);