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Munin (contrib)
Last change
2020-10-04
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auto
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Language
Perl
License
GPL-2.0-only
Authors

varnish4_

Name

varnish4_ - Munin plugin to monitor various aspects of varnish

Applicable Systems

Varnish 4.x with varnishstat

Configuration

The plugin needs to be able to execute varnishstat.

The configuration section shows the defaults [varnish4_*] group varnish env.varnishstat varnishstat env.name

env.varnishstat can be a full path to varnishstat if it’s not in the path already.

env.name is blank (undefined) by default and can be used to specify a -n name argument to varnish if multiple instances are running on the same server.

A few aspects are not linked by default. They are marked as ‘DEBUG’ => ‘yes’ (or any other value). They are:

vcl, bans, bans_lurker, lru, objects_per_objhead, losthdr, esi, hcb, shm, shm_writes, overflow, session, session_herd, gzip

You can link them yourself with something like this:

ln -s @@LIBDIR@@/plugins/varnish4_ \
  @@CONFDIR@@/plugins/varnish4_data_structures

Interpretation

Each graph uses data from varnishstat.

Magic Markers

#%# family=auto
#%# capabilities=autoconf suggest

Version

$Id$

Bugs

The hit_rate graph requires munin r2040 or newer to display correctly.

Patches-To

Please send patches to Kristian Lyngstøl kristian@bohemians.org and/or varnish-misc@varnish-cache.org for significant changes. Munin SVN is the authoritative repository for this plugin.

Author

Kristian Lyngstøl kristian@bohemians.org

Modifications

Ingo Oppermann ingo.oppermann@gmail.com

License

GPLv2

#!/usr/bin/perl
# -*- perl -*-
#
# varnish4_ - Munin plugin to for Varnish 4.x
# Copyright (C) 2009  Redpill Linpro AS
#
# Author: Kristian Lyngstøl <kristian@bohemians.org>
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
# with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
# 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

=head1 NAME

varnish4_ - Munin plugin to monitor various aspects of varnish

=head1 APPLICABLE SYSTEMS

Varnish 4.x with varnishstat

=head1 CONFIGURATION

The plugin needs to be able to execute varnishstat.

The configuration section shows the defaults
  [varnish4_*]
     group varnish
     env.varnishstat varnishstat
     env.name

env.varnishstat can be a full path to varnishstat if it's
not in the path already.

env.name is blank (undefined) by default and can be used to specify a -n
name argument to varnish if multiple instances are running on the same
server.

A few aspects are not linked by default. They are marked as
'DEBUG' => 'yes' (or any other value). They are:

vcl, bans, bans_lurker, lru, objects_per_objhead,
losthdr, esi, hcb, shm, shm_writes, overflow,
session, session_herd, gzip

You can link them yourself with something like this:

  ln -s @@LIBDIR@@/plugins/varnish4_ \
    @@CONFDIR@@/plugins/varnish4_data_structures

=head1 INTERPRETATION

Each graph uses data from varnishstat.

=head1 MAGIC MARKERS

 #%# family=auto
 #%# capabilities=autoconf suggest

=head1 VERSION

 $Id$

=head1 BUGS

The hit_rate graph requires munin r2040 or newer to display
correctly.

=head1 PATCHES-TO

Please send patches to Kristian Lyngstøl <kristian@bohemians.org>
and/or varnish-misc@varnish-cache.org for significant changes. Munin SVN
is the authoritative repository for this plugin.

=head1 AUTHOR

Kristian Lyngstøl <kristian@bohemians.org>

=head1 MODIFICATIONS

Ingo Oppermann <ingo.oppermann@gmail.com>

=head1 LICENSE

GPLv2

=cut


use XML::Parser;
use strict;

# Set to 1 to enable output when a variable is defined in a graph but
# omitted because it doesn't exist in varnishstat.
my $DEBUG = 0;

# Set to 1 to ignore 'DEBUG' and suggest all available aspects.
my $FULL_SUGGEST = 0;

# Varnishstat executable. Include full path if it's not in your path.
my $varnishstatexec = exists $ENV{'varnishstat'} ? $ENV{'varnishstat'} : "varnishstat";

# For multiple instances
my $varnishname = exists $ENV{'name'} ? $ENV{'name'} : undef;

my $self; # Haha, myself, what a clever pun.

# Parameters that can be defined on top level of a graph. Config will print
# them as "graph_$foo $value\n"
my @graph_parameters = ('title','total','order','scale','vlabel','args');

# Parameters that can be defined on a value-to-value basis and will be
# blindly passed to config. Printed as "$fieldname.$param $value\n".
#
# 'label' is hardcoded as it defaults to a varnishstat-description if not
# set.
my @field_parameters = ('graph', 'min', 'max', 'draw', 'cdef', 'warning',
			'colour', 'info', 'type');

# Varnishstat data is stored here. Example
# ('n_vbe' => { 'value' => '124', 'description'=>...,'flag'=>... }, SMA =>
# { s0 => { 'value' => '...', 'flag'=> '...' },'Transient' => ...})
# Both dynamic and static counters are kept here.
#
# Notes:
#  - The 'flag' field for a counter is in RRD-dialect, not varnishstat
my %data;

# Data structure that defines all possible graphs (aspects) and how they
# are to be plotted. Every top-level entry is a graph/aspect. Each
# top-level graph MUST have title set and 'values'.
#
# The 'values' hash must have at least one value definition. The actual
# value used is either fetched from varnishstat based on the value-name, or
# if 'rpn' is defined: calculated. 'type' SHOULD be set.
#
# Graphs with 'DEBUG' set to anything is omitted from 'suggest'.
#
# 'rpn' on values allows easy access to graphs consisting of multiple
# values from varnishstat. (Reverse polish notation). The RPN
# implementation only accepts +-*/ and varnishstat-values.
#
# With the exception of 'label', which is filled with the
# varnishstat-description if left undefined, any value left undefined will
# be left up to Munin to define/ignore/yell about.
#
# For dynamic counters, the values listed need to specify a counter and
# family. This will plot the specified counter for each identity within
# that family. Example: family of SMA, counter c_fail. This will create a
# c_fail-counter for each of the SMA-identities (e.g: Transient, s0, etc).
# For dynamic graphs, the value-name is only used to identify the data
# point, and does not relate to any varnishstat data as that is set by
# family/counter.
#
# Note that dynamic counters fetch the type from the XML and things like
# min/max are currently not supported (and silently ignored).
#
# See munin documentation or rrdgraph/rrdtool for more information.
my %ASPECTS = (
	'request_rate' => {
		'title' => 'Request rates',
		'order' => 'cache_hit cache_hitpass cache_miss '
			 . 'backend_conn backend_unhealthy '
			 . 'client_req client_conn' ,
		'values' => {
			'sess_conn' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0',
				'colour' => '444444',
				'graph' => 'ON'
			},
			'client_req' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'colour' => '111111',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'cache_hit' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'draw' => 'AREA',
				'colour' => '00FF00',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'cache_hitpass' => {
				'info' => 'Hitpass are cached passes: An '
					. 'entry in the cache instructing '
					. 'Varnish to pass. Typically '
					. 'achieved after a pass in '
					. 'vcl_fetch.',
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'draw' => 'STACK',
				'colour' => 'FFFF00',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'cache_miss' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'colour' => 'FF0000',
				'draw' => 'STACK',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'backend_conn' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'colour' => '995599',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'backend_unhealthy' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0',
				'colour' => 'FF55FF'
			},
			's_pipe' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0',
				'colour' => '1d2bdf'
			},
			's_pass' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0',
				'colour' => '785d0d'
			}
		}
	},
	'hit_rate' => {
		'title' => 'Hit rates',
		'order' => 'client_req cache_hit cache_miss '
			 . 'cache_hitpass' ,
		'vlabel' => '%',
		'args' => '-l 0 -u 100 --rigid',
		'scale' => 'no',
		'values' => {
			'client_req' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0',
				'graph' => 'off',
				'rpn' => [ 'cache_hit' , 'cache_miss' , 'cache_hitpass' , '+' , '+' ]
			},
			'cache_hit' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0',
				'draw' => 'AREA',
				'cdef' => 'cache_hit,client_req,/,100,*'
			},
			'cache_miss' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'draw' => 'STACK',
				'min' => '0',
				'cdef' => 'cache_miss,client_req,/,100,*'
			},
			'cache_hitpass' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'draw' => 'STACK',
				'min' => '0',
				'cdef' => 'cache_hitpass,client_req,/,100,*'
			},
		}
	},
	'backend_traffic' => {
		'title' => 'Backend traffic',
		'values' => {
			'backend_conn' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'backend_unhealthy' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0',
				'warning' => ':1'
			},
			'backend_busy' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'backend_fail' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'backend_reuse' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => 0
			},
			'backend_recycle' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => 0
			},
			'backend_toolate' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'backend_retry' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'backend_req' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'objects' => {
		'title' => 'Number of objects',
		'order' => 'n_object n_objectcore n_vampireobject n_objecthead',
		'values' => {
			'n_object' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE',
				'label' => 'Number of objects'
			},
			'n_objectcore' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE',
				'label' => 'Number of object cores'
			},
			'n_vampireobject' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE',
				'label' => 'Number of unresurrected objects'
			},
			'n_objecthead' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE',
				'label' => 'Number of object heads',
				'info' => 'Each object head can have one '
					. 'or more object attached, '
					. 'typically based on the Vary: header'
			}
		}
	},
	'transfer_rates' => {
		'title' => 'Transfer rates',
		'order' => 's_resp_bodybytes s_resp_hdrbytes',
		'args' => '-l 0',
		'vlabel' => 'bit/s',
		'values' => {
			's_resp_hdrbytes' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'label' => 'Header traffic',
				'draw' => 'STACK',
				'min' => '0',
				'info' => 'HTTP Header traffic. TCP/IP '
					. 'overhead is not included.',
				'cdef' => 's_resp_hdrbytes,8,*'
			},
			's_resp_bodybytes' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'draw' => 'AREA',
				'label' => 'Body traffic',
				'min' => '0',
				'cdef' => 's_resp_bodybytes,8,*'
			}
		}
	},
	'threads' => {
		'title' => 'Thread status',
		'values' => {
			'threads' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE',
				'min' => '0',
				'warning' => '1:'
			},
			'threads_created' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'threads_failed' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0',
				'warning' => ':1'
			},
			'threads_limited' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'threads_destroyed' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0',
				'warning' => ':1'
			}
		}
	},
	'memory_usage' => {
		'title' => 'Memory usage',
		'args' => '--base 1024',
		'vlabel' => 'bytes',
		'values' => {
			'sms_balloc' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE',
			},
			'sms_nbytes' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE',
			},
			'SMA_1' => {
				'counter' => 'g_bytes',
				'family' => 'SMA',
			},
			'SMA_2' => {
				'counter' => 'g_space',
				'family' => 'SMA',
			},
			'SMA_3' => {
				'counter' => 'c_bytes',
				'family' => 'SMA'
			},
			'SMF_1' => {
				'counter' => 'g_bytes',
				'family' => 'SMF',
			},
			'SMF_2' => {
				'counter' => 'g_space',
				'family' => 'SMF',
			}
		}
	},
	'uptime' => {
		'title' => 'Varnish uptime',
		'vlabel' => 'days',
		'scale' => 'no',
		'values' => {
			'uptime' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE',
				'cdef' => 'uptime,86400,/'
			}
		}
	},
	'objects_per_objhead' => {
		'title' => 'Objects per objecthead',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'obj_per_objhead' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE',
				'label' => 'Objects per object heads',
				'rpn' => [ 'n_object','n_objecthead','/' ]
			}
		}
	},
	'losthdr' => {
		'title' => 'HTTP Header overflows',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'losthdr' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'hcb' => {
		'title' => 'Critbit data',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'hcb_nolock' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'hcb_lock' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'hcb_insert' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'esi' => {
		'title' => 'ESI',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'esi_parse' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'esi_errors' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'esi_warnings' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'session' => {
		'title' => 'Sessions',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'sess_conn' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'sess_drop' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'sess_fail' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'sess_pipe_overflow' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'sess_queued' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'sess_dropped' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'sess_closed' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'sess_pipeline' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'sess_readahead' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'session_herd' => {
		'title' => 'Session herd',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'sess_herd' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'shm_writes' => {
		'title' => 'SHM writes and records',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'shm_records' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'shm_writes' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'shm' => {
		'title' => 'Shared memory activity',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'shm_flushes' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'shm_cont' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'shm_cycles' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'allocations' => {
		'title' => 'Memory allocation requests',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'sm_nreq' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'sma_nreq' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'sms_nreq' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'vcl' => {
		'title' => 'VCL',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'n_backend' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE'
			},
			'n_vcl' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'n_vcl_avail' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'n_vcl_discard' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'bans' => {
		'title' => 'Bans',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'bans' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE'
			},
			'bans_added' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'bans_deleted' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'bans_completed' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE'
			},
			'bans_obj' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE'
			},
			'bans_req' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE'
			},
			'bans_tested' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
                'min' => '0'
			},
			'bans_obj_killed' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
                'min' => '0'
			},
			'bans_tests_tested' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
                'min' => '0'
			},
			'bans_dups' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE'
			},
			'bans_persisted_bytes' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE'
			},
			'bans_persisted_fragmentation' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE'
			}
		}
	},
	'bans_lurker' => {
		'title' => 'Ban Lurker',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'bans_lurker_tested' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'bans_lurker_tests_tested' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'bans_lurker_obj_killed' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'bans_lurker_contention' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'expunge' => {
		'title' => 'Object expunging',
		'order' => 'n_expired n_lru_nuked',
		'values' => {
			'n_expired' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'n_lru_nuked' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'lru' => {
		'title' => 'LRU activity',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'n_lru_nuked' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'n_lru_moved' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	},
	'bad' => {
		'title' => 'Misbehavior',
		'values' => {
			'SMA_1' => {
				'counter' => 'c_fail',
				'family' => 'SMA',
			},
			'SMF_1' => {
				'counter' => 'c_fail',
				'family' => 'SMF',
			},
			'sess_drop' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'
			},
			'backend_unhealthy' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'
			},
			'fetch_failed' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'
			},
			'backend_busy' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'
			},
			'threads_failed' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'
			},
			'threads_limited' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'
			},
			'threads_destroyed' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'
			},
			'thread_queue_len' => {
				'type' => 'GAUGE'
			},
			'losthdr' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'
			},
			'esi_errors' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'
			},
			'esi_warnings' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'
			},
			'sess_fail' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'
			},
			'sess_pipe_overflow' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE'

			}
		}
	},
	'gzip' => {
		'title' => 'GZIP activity',
		'DEBUG' => 'yes',
		'values' => {
			'n_gzip' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			},
			'n_gunzip' => {
				'type' => 'DERIVE',
				'min' => '0'
			}
		}
	}
);

################################
# Various helper functions     #
################################

# Translate $_[0] from varnish' internal types (flags) to munin/rrd
# variants (e.g: from 'i' to GAUGE). Returns the result.
sub translate_type
{
	my $d = $_[0];
	if ($d eq "i" or $d eq "g") {
		$d = "GAUGE";
	} elsif ($d eq "a" or $d eq "c") {
		$d = "DERIVE";
	}
	return $d;
}

# Print the value of a two-dimensional hash if it exist.
# Returns false if non-existent.
#
# Output is formatted for plugins if arg4 is blank, otherwise arg4 is used
# as the title/name of the field (ie: arg4=graph_title).
sub print_if_exist
{
	my %values = %{$_[0]};
	my $value = $_[1];
	my $field = $_[2];
	my $title = "$value.$field";
	if (defined($_[3])) {
		$title = $_[3];
	}
	if (defined($values{$value}{$field})) {
		print "$title $values{$value}{$field}\n";
	} else {
		return 0;
	}
}

# Create a output-friendly name
sub normalize_name
{
	my $name = $_[0];
	$name =~ s/[^a-zA-Z0-9]/_/g;
	return $name;
}

# Braindead RPN: +,-,/,* will pop two items from @stack, and perform
# the relevant operation on the items. If the item in the array isn't one
# of the 4 basic math operations, a value from varnishstat is pushed on to
# the stack. IE: 'client_req','client_conn','/' will leave the value of
# "client_req/client_conn" on the stack.
#
# If only one item is left on the stack, it is printed. Otherwise, an error
# message is printed.
sub rpn
{
	my @stack;
	my $left;
	my $right;
	foreach my $item (@{$_[0]}) {
		if ($item eq "+") {
			$right = pop(@stack);
			$left = pop(@stack);
			push(@stack,$left+$right);
		} elsif ($item eq "-") {
			$right = pop(@stack);
			$left = pop(@stack);
			push(@stack,$left-$right);
		} elsif ($item eq "/") {
			$right = pop(@stack);
			$left = pop(@stack);
			push(@stack,$left/$right);
		} elsif ($item eq "*") {
			$right = pop(@stack);
			$left = pop(@stack);
			push(@stack,$left*$right);
		} else {
			push(@stack,int($data{$item}{'value'}));
		}
	}
	if (@stack > 1)
	{
		print STDERR "RPN error: Stack has more than one item left.\n";
		print STDERR "@stack\n";
		exit 255;
	}
	print "@stack";
	print "\n";
}

# Bail-function.
sub usage
{
	if (@_) {
		print STDERR "@_" . "\n\n";
	}
	print STDERR "Known arguments: suggest, config, autoconf.\n";
	print STDERR "Run with suggest to get a list of known aspects.\n";
	exit 1;
}

################################
# XML Parsing                  #
################################
# The following code is for parsing varnishstat -x. While %data should be
# stable, the following bits can easily be replaced with anything (json, an
# other xml-parser, magic, etc)
#
# The basic concept is simple enough. Only worry about stuff inside
# <state>. Updating %state on each new data field, and commit it to %data
# when </state> is seen.
#
# We do use translate_type() on the 'flag' field.


# Internal state for the XML parsing
my %state = (
	'stat' => 0,     # inside <stat> or not
	'field' => 'none', # <name>, <value>, <stat>, etc.
);

# Reset the state of XML, mainly used for end-elements.
sub xml_reset_state() {
	$state{'stat'} = '0';
	$state{'field'} = 'none';
	$state{'values'} = ();
}

# Callback for data entry. Cleans leading whitespace and updates state.
sub xml_characters {
	my $d = $_[1];
	if ($state{'stat'} == 0) {
		return;
	}
	if ($state{'field'} eq "type" && $d eq "MAIN") {
		return;
	}
	$d =~ s/^\s*$//g;
	if ($d eq "") {
		return;
	}
	$state{'values'}{$state{'field'}} = $d;
}

# Store the current state in %data. Issued at </stat>
# Note that 'flag' is translated to RRD-equivalents here.
sub xml_commit_state
{
	my $name = $state{'values'}{'name'};
	my $type = $state{'values'}{'type'};
	my $ident = $state{'values'}{'ident'};

	foreach my $key (keys %{$state{'values'}}) {
		my $data = $state{'values'}{$key};
		if ($key eq 'flag') {
			$data = translate_type($data);
		}
		if (defined($type) and $type ne '' and defined($ident) and $ident ne '') {
			$data{$type}{$ident}{$name}{$key} = $data;
		} else {
			$data{$name}{$key} = $data
		}
	}
}

# Callback for end tag. E.g: </stat>
sub xml_end_elem {
	my $element = $_[1];
	if ($element ne "stat") {
		return;
	}

	xml_commit_state();
	xml_reset_state();
}

# Callback for opening tag. E.g: <stat>
sub xml_start_elem {
	$state{'field'} = $_[1];
	if ($state{'field'} eq "stat") {
		$state{'stat'} = 1;
	}
}

################################
# Internal API                 #
################################


# Populate %data, includes both values and descriptions and more.
# Currently driven by XML, but that could change.
sub populate_stats
{
	my $arg = "-x";
	my $parser = new XML::Parser(Handlers => {Start => \&xml_start_elem,
						End => \&xml_end_elem,
						Char => \&xml_characters} );

	if ($varnishname) {
		$arg .= " -n $varnishname";
	}

	open (XMLDATA, "$varnishstatexec $arg|") or die "meh";
	$parser->parse(*XMLDATA, ProtocolEncoding => 'ISO-8859-1');
	close(XMLDATA);
}

# Prints the fields in the list in $_[2] (e.g: 'value'/'description') for
# each identity of the varnish counter/family combination as defined by
# the $_[0]-counter on the aspect definition. Err, that's jibberish, so
# an example:
#
# e.g: dynamic_print('SMA_1','',('value'))
# e.g: dynamic_print('SMA_2','.label',('ident','description'))
# SMA_1 is the counter-value. If it is a dynamic counter, it has a counter
# and family-member (e.g: counter: c_req, family: SMA) and print_dynamic
# will print c_req for each SMA-identity.
#
# Note that the variables to print is a list. This is to allow printing a
# single item with multiple fields. Typically for identity+description so
# you can distinguish between different data points.
#
# Returns true if it was a dynamic counter.
sub print_dynamic
{
	my $name = $_[0];
	shift;
	my $suffix = $_[0];
	shift;
	my @field = @_;
	if (!defined($ASPECTS{$self}{'values'}{$name}{'counter'})) {
		return 0;
	}
	if (!defined($ASPECTS{$self}{'values'}{$name}{'family'})) {
		return 0;
	}
	my $counter = $ASPECTS{$self}{'values'}{$name}{'counter'};
	my $type = $ASPECTS{$self}{'values'}{$name}{'family'};

	foreach my $key (keys %{$data{$type}}) {
		my $pname = normalize_name($type . "_" . $key . "_" . $counter);
		print $pname . $suffix . " ";
		my $i = 0;
		foreach my $f (@field) {
			if ($i != 0) {
				print " ";
			}
			$i += 1;
			print $data{$type}{$key}{$counter}{$f};
		}
		print "\n";
	}
	return 1;
}

# Read and verify the aspect ($self).
sub set_aspect
{
	$self = $0;
	$self =~ s/^.*\/varnish[0-9]?_//;
	if (!defined($ASPECTS{$self}) && @ARGV == 0) {
		usage "No such aspect";
	}
}

# Print 'yes' if it's reasonable to use this plugin, or 'no' with a
# human-readable error message. Always exit true, even if the response
# is 'no'.
sub autoconf
{
	# XXX: Solaris outputs errors to stderr and always returns true.
	# XXX: See #873
	if (`which $varnishstatexec 2>/dev/null` =~ m{^/}) {
		print "yes\n";
	} else {
		print "no ($varnishstatexec could not be found)\n";
	}
	exit 0;
}

# Suggest relevant aspects/values of $self.
# 'DEBUG'-graphs are excluded.
sub suggest
{
	foreach my $key (keys %ASPECTS) {
		if (defined($ASPECTS{$key}{'DEBUG'}) && $FULL_SUGGEST != 1) {
			next;
		}
		print "$key\n";
	}
}

# Walk through the relevant aspect and print all top-level configuration
# values and value-definitions.
sub get_config
{
	my $graph = $_[0];

	# Need to double-check since set_aspect only checks this if there
	# is no argument (suggest/autoconf doesn't require a valid aspect)
	if (!defined($ASPECTS{$graph})) {
		usage "No such aspect";
	}
	my %values = %{$ASPECTS{$graph}{'values'}};

	print "graph_category webserver\n";
	foreach my $field (@graph_parameters) {
		print_if_exist(\%ASPECTS,$graph,$field,"graph_$field");
	}

	foreach my $value (sort keys %values) {
		# Just print the description/type if it's a dynamic
		# counter. It'll be silent if it isn't.
		if(print_dynamic($value,'.label',('description','type','ident'))) {
			print_dynamic($value,'.type',('flag'));
			next;
		}

		# Need either RPN definition or a varnishstat value.
		if (!defined($data{$value}{'value'}) &&
		    !defined($values{$value}{'rpn'})) {
			if ($DEBUG) {
				print "ERROR: $value not part of varnishstat.\n"
			}
			next;
		}

		if (!print_if_exist(\%values,$value,'label')) {
			print "$value.label $data{$value}{'description'}\n";
		}
		foreach my $field (@field_parameters) {
			print_if_exist(\%values,$value,$field);
		}
	}
}

# Handle arguments (config, autoconf, suggest)
# Populate stats for config is necessary, but we want to avoid it for
# autoconf as it would generate a nasty error.
sub check_args
{
	if (@ARGV && $ARGV[0] eq '') {
		shift @ARGV;
	}
	if (@ARGV == 1) {
		if ($ARGV[0] eq "config") {
			populate_stats;
			get_config($self);
			exit 0;
		} elsif ($ARGV[0] eq "autoconf") {
			autoconf($self);
			exit 0;
		} elsif ($ARGV[0] eq "suggest") {
			suggest;
			exit 0;
		}
		usage "Unknown argument";
	}
}

################################
# Execution starts here        #
################################

set_aspect;
check_args;
populate_stats;

# We only get here if we're supposed to.
# Walks through the relevant values and either prints the varnishstat, or
# if the 'rpn' variable is set, calls rpn() to execute ... the rpn.
#
# NOTE: Due to differences in varnish-versions, this checks if the value
# actually exist before using it.
foreach my $value (keys %{$ASPECTS{$self}{'values'}}) {
	if (defined($ASPECTS{$self}{'values'}{$value}{'rpn'})) {
		print "$value.value ";
		rpn($ASPECTS{$self}{'values'}{$value}{'rpn'});
	} else {
		if (print_dynamic($value,'.value',('value'))) {
			next;
		}

		if (!defined($data{$value}{'value'})) {
			if ($DEBUG) {
				print STDERR "Error: $value not part of "
					   . "varnishstat.\n";
			}
			next;
		}
		print "$value.value ";
		print "$data{$value}{'value'}\n";
	}
}