Repository
Munin (master)
Last change
2018-05-21
Graph Categories
Family
snmpauto
Capabilities
Language
Perl
License
GPL-2.0-only
Authors

snmp__eltek_rectifier

Name

snmp__eltek_rectifier - Munin multigraph plugin for ELTEK rectifier/UPSes

Applicable Systems

The device must support the ELTEK-DISTRIBUTED-MIB. This includes ELTEK Minipack and other rectifiers and UPSes from ELTEK.

Configuration

As a rule SNMP plugins need site specific configuration. The default configuration (shown here) will only work on insecure sites/devices.

[snmp_*]
     env.version 2
     env.community public

In general SNMP is not very secure at all unless you use SNMP version 3 which supports authentication and privacy (encryption). But in any case the community string for your devices should not be “public”.

Please see ‘perldoc Munin::Plugin::SNMP’ for further configuration information.

Interpretation

Please refer to the ELTEK-DISTRIBUTED-MIB when in doubt.

Mib Information

This plugin requires support for the ELTEK-DISTRIBUTED-MIB published by ELTEK.

Programmers

This plugin is actually a generic SNMP multigraph plugin. If you customize the data structures, especially %oidList and %label which is used to drive the loops. Take care that labels and structure of these hashes match otherwise things will disappear with not much warning. But se munin-node.log, munin-update.log and run the plugin with unin-run.

Magic Markers

#%# family=snmpauto
#%# capabilities=snmpconf

Bugs

The plugin was written for rectifiers, but will probably also be activated for ELTEK UPSes which it is not particularly suited for.

Author

Based on work by Gorlow Maxim and Andrey Yakovlev. Totaly reworked by Nicolai Langfeldt, BroadNet AS, Oslo, Norway.

Copyright (C) 2013 Nicolai Langfeldt, BroadNet AS

License

GPLv2 only.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 dated June, 1991.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

Pod Errors

Hey! The above document had some coding errors, which are explained below:

  • Around line 244:

    ‘=end’ without a target?

#!/usr/bin/perl

=head1 NAME

snmp__eltek_rectifier - Munin multigraph plugin for ELTEK rectifier/UPSes

=head1 APPLICABLE SYSTEMS

The device must support the ELTEK-DISTRIBUTED-MIB.  This includes
ELTEK Minipack and other rectifiers and UPSes from ELTEK.

=head1 CONFIGURATION

As a rule SNMP plugins need site specific configuration.  The default
configuration (shown here) will only work on insecure sites/devices.

   [snmp_*]
        env.version 2
        env.community public

In general SNMP is not very secure at all unless you use SNMP version
3 which supports authentication and privacy (encryption).  But in any
case the community string for your devices should not be "public".

Please see 'perldoc Munin::Plugin::SNMP' for further configuration
information.

=head1 INTERPRETATION

Please refer to the ELTEK-DISTRIBUTED-MIB when in doubt.

=head1 MIB INFORMATION

This plugin requires support for the ELTEK-DISTRIBUTED-MIB published
by ELTEK.

=head1 PROGRAMMERS

This plugin is actually a generic SNMP multigraph plugin.  If you
customize the data structures, especially %oidList and %label which is
used to drive the loops.  Take care that labels and structure of these
hashes match otherwise things will disappear with not much warning.
But se munin-node.log, munin-update.log and run the plugin with
unin-run.

=head1 MAGIC MARKERS

  #%# family=snmpauto
  #%# capabilities=snmpconf

=head1 BUGS

The plugin was written for rectifiers, but will probably also be
activated for ELTEK UPSes which it is not particularly suited for.

=head1 AUTHOR

Based on work by Gorlow Maxim and Andrey Yakovlev.  Totaly reworked by
Nicolai Langfeldt, BroadNet AS, Oslo, Norway.

  Copyright (C) 2013 Nicolai Langfeldt, BroadNet AS

=head1 LICENSE

GPLv2 only.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; version 2 dated June, 1991.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307,
USA.

=cut

use strict;
use warnings;

use feature qw(say);

use Carp;
use Data::Dumper;

use Munin::Plugin;
use Munin::Plugin::SNMP;

use vars qw($DEBUG);

$DEBUG = $Munin::Plugin::DEBUG;

# ################ Change here to customize

# oidList - things to graph - must be complete

my %oidList =
  # _meta will be fetched but not graphed. The values can be placed in
  # texts by [OID:1.3.6.....] notation in any text in the "config"
  # output from the plugin. _meta is not used anywhere else than for
  # this.
  ( _meta =>
    { systemTimeTime                     => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.1.1.1.0',
      systemSiteInfoInstalledDate        => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.2.1.3.5.0',
      systemSiteInfoSystemSeriaNum       => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.2.1.3.7.0',
      systemSiteInfoControllerSeriaNum   => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.2.1.3.8.0',
      batteryName                        => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.3.1.0',
    },
    volt =>
    { acVoltage1 => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.6.1.0',
      acVoltage2 => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.6.2.0',
      acVoltage3 => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.6.3.0',
    },
    batteryvolt =>
    { batteryVoltage => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.3.2.0',
    },
    capacity =>
    { batteryCapacityTotal => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.3.20.4.0',
      batteryCapacityLeft => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.3.20.2.0',
    },
    status =>
    { systemLinkStatus              => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.1.8.0',
      batteryBreakerStatus          => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.3.5.0',
      alarmBatteryBreakerOpen       => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.7.1.12.0',
      loadDistributionBreakerStatus => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.4.2.0',
      alarmMajorRectifier           => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.7.1.14.0',
      alarmMinorRectifier           => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.7.1.15.0',
      alarmBatteryLifeEnded         => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.7.1.18.0',
    },
    temperature =>
    { batteryTemp                   => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.3.4.0',
    },
    load =>
    { rectifierUtilization          => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.5.4.0',
    },
    current =>
    { batteryCurrent                => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.3.3.0',
      loadDistributionCurrent       => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.4.1.0',
      rectifierTotalCurrent         => '1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.5.3.0',
    },
  );

# Customize data series labels here.  Must be complete otherwise the
# data series will not appear in graphs.

my %label  =
  ( volt =>
    { acVoltage1 => 'Input 1',
      acVoltage2 => 'Input 2',
      acVoltage3 => 'Input 3',
    },
    batteryvolt =>
    { batteryVoltage => 'Battery',
    },
    capacity =>
    { batteryCapacityTotal => 'Total',
      batteryCapacityLeft => 'Left',
    },
    status =>
    { systemLinkStatus              => 'Link',
      batteryBreakerStatus          => 'Battery fuse',
      alarmBatteryBreakerOpen       => 'Bat. fuse alarm',
      loadDistributionBreakerStatus => 'Load dist. fuse',
      alarmMajorRectifier           => 'Major Alarm',
      alarmMinorRectifier           => 'Minor Alarm',
      alarmBatteryLifeEnded         => 'Battery EOL',
    },
    temperature =>
    { batteryTemp                   => 'Battery',
    },
    load =>
    { rectifierUtilization          => 'Use',
    },
    current =>
    { batteryCurrent                => 'Battery',
      loadDistributionCurrent       => 'Load dist',
      rectifierTotalCurrent         => 'Rect. Total',
    },
  );


# http://munin-monitoring.org/wiki/fieldname.type for more
# information.  Overrides here:

# Default
my $tstype = 'GAUGE';

# Overrides
my %tstype = ();

# How to draw.
#
# By default drawing is LINE1, overrides here.  It will be hard to do
# the STACK types in this plugin since they are ordering sensitive.
# If you want that you will need to expand this plugin to define and
# use a %ordering hash that enforces field order so that stacks come
# out right.

my %tsdraw =
  (
  );

# Minimum and maximum values.  Values outside the ragne given by these
# will be tossed.  None needed by default, add as needed in the same
# nested fashion as %label.

my %tsmin  = ();

my %tsmax  = ();

# Example:
#
# my %tsmin =
#  ( temperature => { upsAdvBatteryTemperature      => 10 } );
#
# my %tsmax =
#  ( temperature => { upsAdvBatteryTemperature      => 150 } );

# Warning and Critical ranges.  None needed by default.  Add as
# needed.

my %tswarn =
  ( status =>
    { alarmMinorRectifier     => '0:0',
      alarmBatteryBreakerOpen => '0:0',
      batteryBreakerStatus    => '0:0',
    }
  );

my %tscrit =
  ( status =>
    { alarmBatteryLifeEnded         => '0:0',
      alarmMajorRectifier           => '0:0',
      loadDistributionBreakerStatus => '0:0',
      systemLinkStatus              => '1:1',
    }
  );

=end

=cut

my %cdef   = ();

my %title  =
  ( volt        => 'Input Line Voltages',
    batteryvolt => 'Battery Voltage',
    capacity    => 'Battery capacity',
    status      => 'Status codes',
    temperature => 'Temperatures',
    load        => 'Load',
    current     => 'Currents'
  );

# Vertical labels on the graph

my %vlabel =
  ( volt        => 'Volt',
    batteryvolt => 'Volt',
    capacity    => 'Units',
    status      => 'Code value',
    temperature => 'Celsius',
    load        => 'Percent',
    current     => 'Ampere',
  );

# Extra information on the whole graph.

my %info   =
  ( volt        => 'Current input voltages.',
    batteryvolt => 'Current battery voltages.',
    capacity    => 'Battery capacity and use.  In % or Ah depending '.
                   'on global system setting.',
    status      => 'Coded statuses. 0 is normal, 1 is failed, except for '.
                   'the link status where 1 is up and 0 is down. '.
                   'Install date: [OID:1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.2.1.3.5.0] '.
                   'System serial: [OID:1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.2.1.3.7.0] '.
                   'Controller serial: [OID:1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.2.1.3.8.0] '.
                   'Battery pack: [OID:1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.3.1.0].',
    temperature => 'Current temperatures.  Possebly only the battery.',
    load        => 'Current load and capacity on/of the UPS in percent.',
    current     => 'The current in amperes.',
  );

# Extra information for a time series

my %subinfo =
  ( status =>
    { systemLinkStatus => 'A flag showing the status of the serial port '.
                          'used between the HEIDI Webpower adapter '.
                          'or embedded WEB/SNMP card and the Smartpack '.
                          'Control system.  If this flag shows status '.
                          'linkdown, the propable cause is that the wrong '.
                          'baudrate is set, which again is likely to happen '.
                          'when booting a brand new board.  Execute a '.
                          '"systemInitiateEEPROM" command to fix. '.
                          'Not applicable for ComPack control unit',
      batteryBreakerStatus => 'The state of the battery fuses/breakers can '.
                          'be either normal(0) or alarm(1).',
      alarmBatteryBreakerOpen => 'A battery breaker/fuse alarm.',
      loadDistributionBreakerStatus => 'The state of the load fuses/breakers '.
                          'can be either normal(0) or alarm(1)',
      alarmMajorRectifier => 'This is a Major Rectifier alarm.',
      alarmMinorRectifier => 'This is a Minor Rectifier alarm.',
      alarmBatteryLifeEnded => 'The battery quality has dropped below '.
                          'critical level. A battery test has measured the '.
                          'fully charged capacity to be too low, and thus '.
                          'probably the battery lifecycle to be near expired.',
    },
    current =>
    { batteryCurrent      => 'The measured total battery current. '.
                          'This is the sum of all the enabled shunt '.
                          'measurements in the system. Negative battery '.
                          'current indicates discharging of the batteries. '.
                          'Positive battery current indicates charging of '.
                          'the batteries.  Note that the units measured may '.
                          'be i Amperes or in Deciamperes depending on global '.
                          'system settings.',
      loadDistributionCurrent => 'The total load current.  Note that the '.
                          'units measured may be i Amperes or in Deciamperes '.
                          'depending on global system settings.',
      rectifierTotalCurrent => 'The DC systems total delivered rectifier '.
                          'current.',
    },
    load =>
    { rectifierUtilization => 'Utilization in % of available rectifier capacity'
    },
    capacity =>
    { batteryCapacityTotal => 'This is the total Capacity of the battery. '.
                          'This value is the installed capacity compensated '.
                          'with the last battery tests quality level.',
      batteryCapacityLeft => 'Capacity left in the battery.',
    }
  );

# Extinfo is presented in conjunction with the time series information
# under the graph.  Usually it supplies extra information specific to
# a fault, but it might also provide any information for any reason.

my %extinfo = ();

# ########################## Code here

sub collect_snmp {
    # Mash together all the OIDs needed by the different graphs and
    # make a (one) query to get them all.  Returns a hash of the
    # values keyed by OID.
    #
    # Occurrences of "noSuchInstance" is replaced by "U".

    my ( $snmp ) = @_;

    my @oids = ();

    foreach my $graph ( keys %oidList ) {
	foreach my $oid ( values %{ $oidList{$graph} } ) {
	    push(@oids, $oid);
	}
    }

    my $values = $snmp->get_request( -varbindlist => \@oids );

    if ( $snmp->error() ) {
	die "$Munin::Plugin::me: SNMP error ".$snmp->error();
    }

    # Modify $values in place
    map { $values->{$_} = 'U'
	    if $values->{$_} eq 'noSuchInstance'; } keys %$values;

    return $values;
}


sub emit_a_fetch {
    # Emit just one value line
    my ( $text, $values, $key, $default ) = @_;

    my $value = $values->{$key};
    $value    = $default if ! defined $value;
    $value    = 'U'      if ! defined $value;

    say "$text $value";
}


sub emit_fetch {
    # Spew out
    my ( $graph, $oids, $values ) = @_;

    foreach my $label (keys %$oids) {
	emit_a_fetch( "$label.value", $values, $oids->{$label}, 'U' );
    }
}


sub emit_fetches {
    # Emit all the fetches for all the multigraphs
    my ( $snmp, $oids ) = @_;

    my $values = collect_snmp( $snmp, $oids );

    foreach my $graph (keys %label) {
	say "multigraph $graph";
	emit_fetch ( $graph, $oids->{$graph}, $values );
	say '';
    }
}


sub replace_oid {
    my ( $str, $values ) = @_;

    # If "str is [OID:1.3.6.1.2.1.1.5.0] then return the contents of sysName.0

    my $oid = substr( $str, 5, -1 );
    $str = $values->{$oid};

    return $str;
}


sub process_oids {
    my ( $str, $values ) = @_;

    if ( ! defined $values ) {
	croak("no values");
    }

    if ( $str =~ m/OID:/ ) {
	$str =~ s/(\[OID:[^]]*])/&replace_oid($1, $values)/eg;
    }

    return $str;
}


sub emit_a_config {
    # Emit a config line
    # IF there is a default, always emit line.
    # IF there is no default, only emit line if the hash lookup
    # exists.
    my ( $values, $text, $hash, $graph, $label, $default ) = @_;

    if ( defined $default ) {
	my $value = $hash->{$graph}->{$label};
	$value    = $default if ! defined $value;
	$value    = 'U'      if ! defined $value;

	say process_oids( "$text $value", $values );
	return;
    }

    if ( exists $hash->{$graph}->{$label} ) {
	say process_oids( "$text " . $hash->{$graph}->{$label}, $values );
    }
}


sub emit_config {
    # Emit a graph configuration
    my ( $graph, $values ) = @_;

    say "graph_title ".( $title{$graph} || "Untitled /$graph/");
    say "graph_category sensors";
    say process_oids( "graph_vlabel " . $vlabel{$graph}, $values );
    say process_oids( "graph_info "   . $info{$graph},   $values );

    foreach my $label (keys %{ $label{$graph} } ) {

	emit_a_config( $values, "$label.label",    \%label,   $graph, $label,
		       $label );
	emit_a_config( $values, "$label.draw",     \%tsdraw,  $graph, $label,
		       'LINE1'  );
	emit_a_config( $values, "$label.type",     \%tstype,  $graph, $label,
		       $tstype );

	emit_a_config( $values, "$label.min",      \%tsmin,   $graph, $label );
	emit_a_config( $values, "$label.max",      \%tsmax,   $graph, $label );
	emit_a_config( $values, "$label.cdef",     \%cdef,    $graph, $label );
	emit_a_config( $values, "$label.info",     \%subinfo, $graph, $label );
	emit_a_config( $values, "$label.warning",  \%tswarn,  $graph, $label );
	emit_a_config( $values, "$label.critical", \%tscrit,  $graph, $label );

    }
}


sub emit_configs {
    my ( $snmp, $oids, $host, $results ) = @_;

    my $values = collect_snmp( $snmp, $oids );

    say "host_name $host";
    say "";

    foreach my $graph (keys %label) {
	say "multigraph $graph";
	emit_config( $graph, $values );

	# If dirty config allowed:
	emit_fetch ( $graph, $oids->{$graph}, $values );

	say '';
    }
}


sub main {
    need_multigraph();

    if ($ARGV[0] and $ARGV[0] eq 'snmpconf') {
	say "require 1.3.6.1.4.1.12148.9.1.1.1.0 [0-9]";
	exit 0;
    }

    my ( $host, undef ) = Munin::Plugin::SNMP::config_session();

    # Ensure that we get times in ticks (hundredths of a second)
    my $session =
      Munin::Plugin::SNMP->session( -translate => [ -timeticks => 0x0 ] );


    if ($ARGV[0] and $ARGV[0] eq 'config') {
	emit_configs( $session, \%oidList, $host );
	exit 0;
    }

    emit_fetches( $session, \%oidList );
    exit 0;
}



main();