Repository
Munin (master)
Last change
2019-09-05
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auto
Capabilities
Language
Ruby

tomcat_

Name

tomcat_ - Munin plugin to monitor tomcat servers.

Applicable Systems

Tomcat 5.0 or higher with the default tomcat manager webapp.

Usage

Needs access to http://<user>:<password>@localhost:8080/manager/status?XML=true (or modify the address for another host).

A munin-user in $CATALINA_HOME/conf/tomcat-users.xml should be set up for this to work.

Tip: To see if it’s already set up correctly, just run this plugin with the parameter “autoconf”. If you get a “yes”, everything should work like a charm already.

tomcat-users.xml example: <user username="munin” password=”<set this>” roles="standard,manager”/>

Configuration

The following environment variables are used by this plugin:

  • host

    Destination host

  • port

    Connector post number (legacy parameter, use connector instead)

  • timeout

    Connection timeout

  • request

    Override default status-url

  • user

    Manager username

  • password

    Manager password

  • connector

    Connector to query, defaults to “http-”.$port

Configuration Example

[tomcat_*]
env.host 127.0.0.1
env.port 8080
env.request /manager/status?XML=true
env.user munin
env.password pass
env.timeout 30
env.connector jk-8009

Authors

Based on plugins by Rune Nordboe Skillingstad <runesk@linpro.no>
Rewrite and expansion in ruby: laxis <laxis@magex.hu> 2008.05
Converted to rexml and integrated as default tomcat plugin
by Erik Inge Bolsoe <knan@redpill-linpro.com> 2009.09

Magic Markers

#%# family=auto
#%# capabilities=autoconf suggest
#!/usr/bin/ruby
@dummyvar = <<-'=cut'

=head1 NAME

tomcat_ - Munin plugin to monitor tomcat servers.

=head1 APPLICABLE SYSTEMS

Tomcat 5.0 or higher with the default tomcat manager webapp.

=head1 USAGE

Needs access to http://<user>:<password>@localhost:8080/manager/status?XML=true (or modify the address for another host).

A munin-user in $CATALINA_HOME/conf/tomcat-users.xml should be set up for this to work.

Tip: To see if it's already set up correctly, just run this plugin with the parameter "autoconf". If you get a "yes", everything should work like a charm already.

tomcat-users.xml example:
  <user username="munin" password="<set this>"
        roles="standard,manager"/>

=head1 CONFIGURATION

The following environment variables are used by this plugin:

=over 4

=item host

Destination host

=item port

Connector post number (legacy parameter, use connector instead)

=item timeout

Connection timeout

=item request

Override default status-url

=item user

Manager username

=item password

Manager password

=item connector

Connector to query, defaults to "http-".$port

=back

=head2 CONFIGURATION EXAMPLE

  [tomcat_*]
  env.host 127.0.0.1
  env.port 8080
  env.request /manager/status?XML=true
  env.user munin
  env.password pass
  env.timeout 30
  env.connector jk-8009

=head1 AUTHORS

  Based on plugins by Rune Nordboe Skillingstad <runesk@linpro.no>
  Rewrite and expansion in ruby: laxis <laxis@magex.hu> 2008.05
  Converted to rexml and integrated as default tomcat plugin
  by Erik Inge Bolsoe <knan@redpill-linpro.com> 2009.09

=head1 MAGIC MARKERS

 #%# family=auto
 #%# capabilities=autoconf suggest

=cut

require 'net/http'
require 'rexml/document'

@host = ENV.member?('host') ? ENV['host']: "127.0.0.1"
@port = ENV.member?('port') ? ENV['port']: 8080
@request = ENV.member?('request') ? ENV['request']: "/manager/status?XML=true"
@user = ENV.member?('user') ? ENV['user']: "munin"
@password = ENV.member?('password') ? ENV['password']: "munin"
@timeout = ENV.member?('timeout') ? ENV['timeout']: 30
@connector = ENV.member?('connector') ? ENV['connector']: "http-#{@port}";

# hash
w = {
    "jvm" =>  { "max" => "U",
                "free" => "U",
                "used" => "U",
                "OldGenMax" => "U",
                "OldGenUsed" => "U" },
    "threads" =>  { "busy" => "U",
                    "idle" => "U",
                    "max" => "U" },
    "maxtime" => { "maxtime" => "U" },
    "avgtime" => { "avgtime" => "U" },
    "access" => { "accesses" => "U",
                  "errors" => "U" },
    "volume" => { "volume" => "U",
                  "volumein" => "U" }
    }

# http request
def getstat()
    Net::HTTP.start(@host, @port) do |http|
	http.open_timeout = @timeout
	req = Net::HTTP::Get.new(@request)
	req.basic_auth @user, @password
	response = http.request(req)
	response.value()
    return response.body
    end rescue begin
	return false
    end
end

def autoconf()
    begin
        if getstat()
            puts "yes"
            return 0
        else
            puts "no (could not connect to #{@host}#{@request} on port #{@port})"
            return 0
        end
    rescue
        puts "no (#{$!})"
        return 1
    end
end

if ARGV[0] == "autoconf"
    autoconf()
    exit 0
end

if ARGV[0] == "suggest"
    exit 1 if !getstat()
    w.each { |k, v|
      print "#{k}\n"
    }
    exit
end

# open stderr
e = IO.new(2, "w")

mode = $0.gsub /.*\/tomcat_/, ""
if mode =~ /tomcat/ then
    e.puts "Invalid mode"
    exit 1
end

# munin config request
if ARGV[0] == "config"
    case mode
        when "jvm"
            puts "graph_title Tomcat JVM memory"
            puts "graph_category appserver"
            puts "graph_args --base 1024 -l 0"
            puts "graph_vlabel Bytes"
            puts "graph_order used free max OldGenUsed OldGenMax"
            puts "free.label free bytes";
            puts "free.draw STACK";
            puts "used.label used bytes";
            puts "used.draw AREA";
            puts "max.label maximum bytes";
            puts "max.draw LINE2";
            puts "OldGenMax.label Old Gen maximum bytes";
            puts "OldGenMax.draw LINE2";
            puts "OldGenUsed.label Old Gen used bytes";
            puts "OldGenUsed.draw LINE1";
        when "access"
            puts "graph_title Tomcat accesses"
            puts "graph_category appserver"
            puts "graph_args --base 1000"
	    puts "graph_order accesses errors"
            puts "graph_vlabel accesses / ${graph_period}"
	    w[mode].each { |k, v|
                puts "#{k}.label #{k}"
                puts "#{k}.type DERIVE"
                puts "#{k}.min 0"
                puts "#{k}.draw AREA" if k == "accesses"
                puts "#{k}.draw LINE2" if k != "accesses"
            }
        when "volume"
            puts "graph_title Tomcat volume"
            puts "graph_category appserver"
            puts "graph_args --base 1000"
	    puts "graph_vlabel bytes in (-) / out (+) per ${graph_period}"
            puts "graph_order volumein volume"
            puts "volume.label bytes"
            puts "volume.type DERIVE"
            puts "volume.min 0"
            puts "volume.max 1000000000"
            puts "volume.negative volumein"
            puts "volumein.label bytes"
            puts "volumein.type DERIVE"
            puts "volumein.min 0"
            puts "volumein.max 1000000000"
            puts "volumein.graph no"
        when "maxtime"
            puts "graph_title Tomcat max processing time for a request"
            puts "graph_category appserver"
            puts "graph_args --base 1000 -l 0"
            puts "graph_vlabel ms"
	    w[mode].each { |k, v|
                puts "#{k}.label #{k}"
                puts "#{k}.min 0"
                puts "#{k}.draw LINE2"
            }
        when "avgtime"
            puts "graph_title Tomcat average processing time / request"
            puts "graph_category appserver"
            puts "graph_args --base 1000 -l 0"
            puts "graph_vlabel ms / request (avg)"
	    w[mode].each { |k, v|
                puts "#{k}.label #{k}"
                puts "#{k}.min 0"
                puts "#{k}.draw LINE2"
            }
        when "threads"
            puts "graph_title Tomcat threads"
            puts "graph_category appserver"
            puts "graph_args --base 1000 -l 0"
            puts "graph_vlabel threads"
            puts "graph_order busy idle max"
            puts "busy.label busy threads"
            puts "busy.draw AREA"
            puts "idle.label idle threads"
            puts "idle.draw STACK"
            puts "max.label max threads"
            puts "max.draw LINE2"
    end
    exit 0
end


# XML parsolasa
begin
    doc = REXML::Document.new(getstat())
end rescue begin
    e.puts "Parse error"
    exit 1
end

# root element kivalasztasa
root = doc.root
if root.name != "status"
    e.puts "Invalid XML"
    exit 1
end

# copy jvm memory datas to hash
node = REXML::XPath.first(doc, '//status/jvm/memory')
w["jvm"]["max"] = node.attributes["max"]
w["jvm"]["used"] = node.attributes["total"].to_i - node.attributes["free"].to_i
w["jvm"]["free"] = node.attributes["free"]

node = REXML::XPath.first(doc, "//status/jvm/memorypool[contains(@name,' Old Gen')]")
w["jvm"]["OldGenMax"] = node.attributes["usageMax"]
w["jvm"]["OldGenUsed"] = node.attributes["usageUsed"]

# copy connector datas to hash
node = REXML::XPath.first(doc, "//status/connector[@name='" + @connector + "']/threadInfo")
if node
	w["threads"]["max"] = node.attributes["maxThreads"]
	w["threads"]["idle"] = node.attributes["currentThreadCount"].to_i - node.attributes["currentThreadsBusy"].to_i
	w["threads"]["busy"] = node.attributes["currentThreadsBusy"]
end
node = REXML::XPath.first(doc, "//status/connector[@name='" + @connector + "']/requestInfo")
if node
	w["maxtime"]["maxtime"] = node.attributes["maxTime"]
	w["avgtime"]["avgtime"] = sprintf "%.2f", (node.attributes["processingTime"].to_f / node.attributes["requestCount"].to_f / 1000)
	w["access"]["accesses"] = node.attributes["requestCount"]
	w["access"]["errors"] = node.attributes["errorCount"]
	w["volume"]["volumein"] = node.attributes["bytesReceived"]
	w["volume"]["volume"] = node.attributes["bytesSent"]
end

# print result
w[mode].each do |k, v|
    printf "#{k}.value %s\n", v
end

# XML Output:
#<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
#<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="/manager/xform.xsl" ?>
#<status>
#    <jvm>
#	<memory free='110552760' total='257425408' max='1034027008'/>
#    </jvm>
#    <connector name='http-8080'>
#	<threadInfo  maxThreads="40" currentThreadCount="1" currentThreadsBusy="1" />
#	<requestInfo  maxTime="14" processingTime="2619" requestCount="1911" errorCount="5" bytesReceived="0" bytesSent="3294996" />
#	<workers>
#	    <worker stage="S" requestProcessingTime="0" requestBytesSent="0" requestBytesReceived="0" remoteAddr="127.0.0.1" virtualHost="localhost" method="GET" currentUri="/manager/status" currentQueryString="XML=true" protocol="HTTP/1.0" />
#	</workers>
#    </connector>
#    <connector name='jk-8009'>
#	<threadInfo maxThreads="200" currentThreadCount="8" currentThreadsBusy="6" />
#	<requestInfo maxTime="36961" processingTime="273750" requestCount="5485" errorCount="43" bytesReceived="0" bytesSent="57138822" />
#	<workers>
#	    <worker stage="K" requestProcessingTime="22683456" requestBytesSent="0" requestBytesReceived="0" remoteAddr="86.101.240.226" virtualHost="?" method="&#63;" currentUri="&#63;" currentQueryString="&#63;" protocol="&#63;" />
#	    <worker stage="K" requestProcessingTime="35807" requestBytesSent="0" requestBytesReceived="0" remoteAddr="217.20.130.27" virtualHost="?" method="&#63;" currentUri="&#63;" currentQueryString="&#63;" protocol="&#63;" />
#	    <worker stage="K" requestProcessingTime="32247045" requestBytesSent="0" requestBytesReceived="0" remoteAddr="89.147.76.234" virtualHost="?" method="&#63;" currentUri="&#63;" currentQueryString="&#63;" protocol="&#63;" />
#	    <worker stage="K" requestProcessingTime="95860" requestBytesSent="0" requestBytesReceived="0" remoteAddr="217.20.130.27" virtualHost="?" method="&#63;" currentUri="&#63;" currentQueryString="&#63;" protocol="&#63;" />
#	    <worker stage="K" requestProcessingTime="155940" requestBytesSent="0" requestBytesReceived="0" remoteAddr="217.20.130.27" virtualHost="?" method="&#63;" currentUri="&#63;" currentQueryString="&#63;" protocol="&#63;" />
#	</workers>
#    </connector>
#</status>